If you’re in Paris, go and visit The Louvre Museum, where you’ll can see the Agra Diamond, which is presented to the public more than 100 years. It’s a spectacular and beautiful diamond polished in the form of a pillow. It weighs 140.64 carats. It’s categorized in D color category. But before the diamond arrived at The Louvre Museum, the story started in India, like the stories of many other diamonds.
In those days in India, the slaves worked in the diamonds mines. It happened in 1698 when one slave discovered the diamond in weight of 410 carats. The slave who knew that it’s an outstanding diamond hid it in a large wound in his leg, but the luck of the slave ended when an English captain killed him and robbed the diamond. The English captain, who feared that the story would be revealed, quickly sold the diamond to Indian merchant for £1,000. The same Indian merchant sold it to the English governor of Madras, Thomas Pitt, for £20,000. Pitt sent the diamond to a cut process in England, and in more exact weighing it found that the weight is 426 carats. The cut process started in 1704 and lasted two years. During the process, some small diamonds produced from this diamond and sold to the czar Great Peter.
The main diamond weighed 141 carats and sold to the duke Philip II for £135,000. Regent is an idea from the nobility area – A person who is filling the role of the king when he’s unable to fulfill his duties. At the same time the Louis XIV died but his son, Louis XV, was only 5 and the duke had to fulfill the king’s role and be the Regent – and this is the origin of the name. The diamond assigned to the crown used in the coronation of Louis XV and later to the new crown used by Louis XVI. Later, the diamond decorated Marie Antoinette’s hat.
In 1792, when the French Revolution winds blew hard, the diamond has been stolen with the other crown jewels of France kings, but later found and owned by “The Director,” the French government in this time. This government used the jewels for economic sockets. At the end, Napoleon demanded the crown jewels for himself in 1801. When Napoleon went into exile, his second wife took the diamond to Austria. Later, her father took back the diamond, with the other crown jewels, to France. The diamond decorated the crown of Louis XVIII and Charles X. Later it was owned by Louis Napoleon III, who was the first president of France, but then declared that France is a monarchy. He assigned the diamond to the greek-style crown of his wife.
Today there aren’t kings in France, but the royal treasures are presented in the Louvre Museum since 1887, more than 100 years. Who knows the history of Napoleon and the other French nobility stories maybe will believe the stories on the swear word said on the diamond that gave bad luck to every person who owned it.